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Indian Spices


Cumin seeds

Cummin Seed (Cuminum cyminum), also known as cumin, is an aromatic spice with a long history of culinary and medicinal use.



Cummin Seed (Cuminum cyminum), also known as cumin, is an aromatic spice with a long history of culinary and medicinal use. Here is a comprehensive overview of cummin seed:
Plant Size and Type:

  • Cummin is an annual herbaceous plant that belongs to the parsley family (Apiaceae).
  • It typically grows to a height of 20 to 30 inches (50-75 cm).

Taste and Color:
• Cummin seeds have a warm, earthy, and slightly nutty flavor with a hint of citrus.
• The seeds are small and elongated, ranging in color from brown to amber.

Soil Type for Growth:

  • Cummin seeds thrive in well-drained, sandy loam or clayey soils.
  • They require good soil moisture during the growing season.

Regions of Production:

  • Cummin is primarily produced in countries such as India, Iran, Turkey, and China.
  • In India, the main regions of production include Gujarat, Rajasthan, and Uttar Pradesh.

Maturity Period and Environmental Conditions:

  • Cummin plants typically mature within 100 to 120 days from sowing.
  • They require a warm and sunny climate to grow best, with temperatures ranging between 20°C to 30°C (68°F to 86°F).
  • Adequate rainfall during the growing season is essential.

Physical Properties and Ingredients:

  • Cummin seeds are small, oval-shaped, and about 3-6 mm in length.
  • They have a distinctive aroma due to the presence of essential oils, mainly cuminaldehyde.
  • Other components include carbohydrates, protein, dietary fiber, and minerals like iron and calcium.

Shelf Life After Harvesting and Storage Conditions:

  • Properly stored cummin seeds can have a shelf life of up to 3 years or more.
  • To maintain freshness, store them in an airtight container in a cool, dark place away from direct sunlight and moisture.

Uses and Consumers:

  • Culinary: Cummin seeds are a popular spice used in various cuisines worldwide. They are commonly used in curry powders, spice blends, and as a seasoning for rice, stews, and meats.
  • Medicinal: Cummin is believed to have various health benefits, including aiding digestion, reducing inflammation, and providing antioxidants.
  • Traditional: In some cultures, cummin is used as a part of traditional medicine and rituals.
  • Food Industry: The food industry uses cummin in the production of snacks, sauces, and processed foods.

Consumer Use:

  • Home cooks and professional chefs use cummin seeds to enhance the flavor of a wide range of dishes, from Indian curries to Mexican salsas.
  • Herbalists and natural health enthusiasts use cummin in teas and herbal remedies.
  • The spice industry incorporates cummin into spice blends and packaged seasonings.

In summary, cummin seed is a versatile spice with a unique flavor and numerous culinary and medicinal applications. It is primarily grown in specific regions around the world, with India being a significant producer. When stored correctly, cummin seeds can last for an extended period, making them a valuable addition to the pantry of many households and food businesses.


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